As soon as a child turns one year old, it immediately becomes interesting. And if he began to walk, then he is even more active - you need to touch everything, study different objects, check curious places that are very dangerous for the baby. It is clear that parents are trying to constantly monitor him to avoid accidents and specifically burns. Therefore it is good to know how to provide first aid and how the burns are treated in children by folk remedies.
Dangers are everywhere.
The most dangerous place for a curious child is a stove, on which soups and cereals are constantly boiled and boiled. He, of course, wants to look at all this and he can grab for the hot plate or the handle of the pan and turn over the boiling contents. Also a dangerous object is the iron.
First aid in case of burns in children.
If this happens, the adult should immediately react and take action, rather than panic and for a long time come to himself.
Your first action is to free the burned skin of the child from clothes. Afterwards, act on the burn site. The most effective and affordable folk remedy is fresh urine, which has a healing effect. It should moisten the sore spot. Another effective method is to pour cold water on the child's burned body. After dousing the burn, you need to lubricate the sore spot with vegetable oil and sprinkle it with soda.
When you have given first aid, you need to assess the degree of burn. If large enough bubbles have appeared on the burned area of the body, then it is necessary to take the child to the hospital or burn center where these blisters will open and treat the wounds.
After providing first aid, it takes some time to process the wound. Treatment of burns can also, like first aid, be carried out with folk remedies. To the damaged place, apply a gruel from onion wrapped in gauze, cold shabby carrot or pumpkin, cool finely chopped potatoes.
If bubbles appear, it is necessary to cover the burn area so that air does not penetrate. In this case, egg white will help. It should be beaten by adding 2 tablespoons of olive oil, the resulting mass is applied to gauze and applied to the damaged skin area. You can simply lubricate the burn with whipped egg whites, make compresses from sunflower oil.
The process of treating burns in young children is very problematic, because some folk methods are not suitable.
Signs of infection.
If blisters appeared on the burn site, inside of which there is a serous liquid - a watery, yellowish-transparent color, then there is no cause for concern. But, if, from the blister, pus follows - a thick viscous liquid, yellow-green color, it means that the wound has got an infection and the continuation of the treatment of the burn should be under the supervision of the doctor. A red rim is formed around the blister. If it becomes wider and visibly rises above the skin and, moreover, purulent discharge appears, these are signs that the burn has become infected. Then you need to contact the burn center to handle such a wound.
To avoid infection.
In order not to have an infection, you need to treat the affected skin area with alcohol or tinctures of calendula and arnica the next day after the burn, then apply the calendula ointment. It is still good to use such ointments as "Rescuer", "Traumel C", "Doctor Nona". If blisters are formed, it is necessary to carefully remove them, cutting off the broken skin with scissors. Next, you need to disinfect the wound and apply the ointment.
It turns out that the ointment itself attracts germs. Over time, when the wound will heal and get wet, use a crushed streptocide from the infection. Preliminarily treated with alcohol tincture wipe the wound with ointment and cover with streptocid burn place.
Immediately after the burn, you must give the child "Travomogran" or "Traumeel C". These drugs in the first days after receiving the injury the child should be taken 5-6 times a day, and during the healing process, you can take 1-2 times a day. Medications should be taken within a week after receiving a burn.
The food of the child should be easy and easily digestible. In his diet should be a lot of protein: vegetable and animal, especially it is important for extensive burns.
Kinds of burns.
There are two types of burns - thermal and chemical. When a chemical burn is obtained, the burned area of the skin should be rinsed with clean water, then treated as if it were a thermal burn.
There are four degrees of burns: 1 degree is determined by reddening of the skin, 2 degree is characterized by blistering, 3 degree is necrosis of the skin, 4 degree, the heaviest, is charring of tissues. Burns 1 and 2 degrees in children can be treated with folk methods.
If the child received a burn from the effects of fire, it should take 2-3 minutes to hold the burned area of the skin under a stream of warm water with a temperature of 38-40 ° or apply a bath with the same water. If the burn is obtained from hot water or boiling water, the damaged place should be held near the battery or heater.
For the treatment of burns, lavender essential oil can be used. You need to make a lotion: apply a bit of oil on the bandage and cover the wound. Gadgets should be changed after 2-3 hours. Essential oils have bactericidal and antiseptic properties, so it helps to heal burns. In addition to lavender oil, other essential oils also possess a healing property: sage, fir, eucalyptus, geranium, rosemary. But you need to keep in mind that in pure form they can not be used, it should be in 5-10 ml of vegetable oil to add a drop of essential oil.
At treatment of burns at the child the phytotherapy well helps. You can apply a thin film of the onion to the burned skin area and tie it with a gauze bandage. It is good to lubricate the burns with the herb of St. John's wort or yarrow, after having rastered the grass. You can lubricate the wound with a means of vegetable oil and marigold in a proportion of 10: 1. Calendula also has a healing effect.
Compresses made from aloe are also effective. It is necessary to squeeze out the juice from the aloe leaf, soak the bandage and apply it to the burned skin area.
It is good to use oil compresses in the treatment of burns. They form a film that protects the wound from the penetration of microbes and infection, and due to the bactericidal properties of plants, the skin quickly heals.
When choosing the treatment of burns of varying degrees in a child in popular ways, it is necessary to consult a doctor.