So, what does the baby know and know in the first month of life?
The first days and even weeks the newborn sleeps most of the day, he wakes up only when hungry or wet. Already in the second week of life the baby can lie quietly with his eyes open. At this time, the child first gets to know the environment. You can help him in this, for example, it is worth trying to teach the baby to consider objects. At this age, it will be very difficult for him to do this, since he does not know how to fix the sight on the subject. But if you hang a bright and beautiful toy over the crib, the baby will gradually learn to stop looking at it. It is not necessary to hang a lot of toys over the crib, so it will be more difficult for the toddler to observe and concentrate attention.
After birth, many young mothers are frightened of the fact that the baby often squint. In fact, this phenomenon is observed in almost all infants, it will disappear, as soon as the baby learns to look with both eyes at the same time. In order for this to happen more quickly, you can concentrate the child's attention on a bright toy, and drive it in a vertical and horizontal direction. If the strabismus is observed constantly, then this is a pathology. Also, newborns may experience nearsightedness. Myopia occurs due to damage to the eyeball or visual analyzer. This diagnosis is confirmed by medical examinations of the child's eye fundus.
What else does the baby know and can do in the first month of life?
The baby begins to respond to loud, harsh sounds already 10 days after birth: freezes when a doorbell rings or the radio turns on. 2 weeks after birth, the child stops crying, when they talk to him kindly, he learns to listen to the voice. At this time for the development of auditory sensations of the baby use various rattles, placing it somewhere close, then away from the child. When practicing with a rattle, watch the child's reaction to her sounds. Subsequently, the baby, hearing the familiar sound of the rattle, will try to find it with his eyes. By the 4th week the baby will already learn to turn his head to the sound of a rattle.
If a month-old child does not react to sharp, loud sounds, then this indicates that he has a hearing disorder, he does not stop crying when mom begins to soothe him. Hearing disorders are very common in premature infants, with malformations of the nervous system.
Knowledge and skills of the baby in the first month of life are not limited only to hearing and sight. The child begins to gain muscle strength, and in the first place - the muscles of the cervical region. By the end of the first month, the baby, lying on his stomach, is trying hard to keep his head from all his might. At this time, it should often be put on the tummy, starting from the 1st minute, gradually increasing the time. On the abdomen of the baby spread on a flat, hard surface, which causes the child to strain the muscles. You can combine these exercises with air baths. At the end of the first month, the baby can hold the head in a vertical position for a few seconds.
Of course, do not be upset if your baby does not keep the head in a vertical position for a month. All of the above abilities and abilities are strictly individual. Someone takes possession of them earlier, someone later. In this there is nothing to worry about. The main thing is that the baby is healthy, full and happy, then he will master all the knowledge and skills at a time that he deems necessary.