Free radicals and skin aging

Free radicals are the remains of chemical bonds formed in the skin as a result of external factors (ultraviolet rays, polluted atmospheric air), as well as associated oxidation reactions inside the body. They can cause metabolic disturbances in the tissues and slow down their recovery, damage protein-lipid structures, change the normal functioning of cells.

Scraps of chemical under-oxidized products are also capable of activating mutagenic processes, and those in turn become a starting factor for the development of skin cancer. Free radicals have a negative effect on the synthesis of collagen and elastin (decreases the number of fibroblasts), cause them to destructor, and this leads to loss of skin elasticity. Free radicals and skin aging - is there any relationship between them?

In what form?


For daily care, choose a cream that not only moisturizes or fights with dilated sugars, but also contains antioxidants or UV filters.

Whey or oil

This is a great addition to the cream. Apply them before bedtime - thanks to the concentration of antioxidants they have a strong regenerating effect.


Tablets and capsules, intended for daily use, supplement the diet with antioxidants. Often in their composition are easily absorbed by the body natural substances, for example, plant extracts or carotenoids.

Effective strategy

Use antioxidants daily for a year. For a more successful fight against free radicals, creams, serum or nutritional supplements should be used regularly. A cream with an antioxidant is a practical necessity. If you want to effectively protect the skin throughout the day, apply it daily in the morning. Evening time - for intensive regeneration. Choose a special serum or a remedy with antioxidant properties. As a rule, these are cocktails, in the composition of which there are components with antioxidant action. As a result, the skin gets its portion of protection the next day. Take care of year-round protection from the sun, especially in summer. For daily care, use cosmetics containing UV filters. In addition to the face cream, you have at your disposal a powder or tonal base, which provides protection from ultraviolet radiation. If the cream that you used to use every day, does not contain filters, switch to similar cosmetics that protect against ultraviolet radiation. Protect body and hair. They are also exposed to aggressive external factors and ultraviolet rays. For daily care and appropriate protection include in your arsenal of beauty body balms, shampoos and nutrients containing antioxidants. Do not forget about a healthy diet - your food should be rich in vegetables and fruits. They are a source of useful and well digestible substances, including flavonoids and polyphenols. These components are known to be used in cosmetics, and if they are additionally influenced from within, then the benefits from them in the fight against free radicals, respectively, are twice that. You can use supplements (nutritional supplements), although with a properly selected diet this is not really necessary. In the pharmacy there are tablets, which include plant extracts, carotenoids and other substances with antioxidant properties.

How to choose a cream?

Carefully study the label

If the antioxidants that make up cosmetics are the first in the list of ingredients, then the tool is effective. The more antioxidants, the better. The effective drug has a high concentration of antioxidants. For example, a 5, 10 or 15% concentrate of vitamin E or C is able to rapidly neutralize free radicals.

Pay attention to the composition of antioxidant components

A single component with such properties, even at a high concentration, can not act as well as a whole cocktail of similar substances. You should choose a cosmetic product that can neutralize several kinds of free radicals, for example, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and hydrosilic acids.

The effectiveness of this or that cosmetic with antioxidant properties, unfortunately, affects its price

An important condition for the effectiveness of antioxidants is their high stability, and this requires manufacturers to use very expensive technologies in the manufacture of products with such substances.

Before you buy a cream, specify the date of its manufacture

Antioxidants in cosmetics are also exposed to free radical attack. If the product has long stood on the shelf of the store, its effectiveness is reduced.

Choose cosmetics in dark packaging

Better in the glass. Antioxidants are sensitive to light, and therefore the less it gets on the package, the better,

Why use antioxidants?

This is the basis for preventing premature aging. This is a reliable protection against the effects of free radicals or compounds having double bonds: these are proteins, DNA or unsaturated fatty acids that make up the cell membrane. Many of the antioxidants, in addition to their direct function of fighting free radicals, also help skin care: vitamin C enhances the regeneration of vitamin E and brightens the skin, and vitamin A has a positive effect on skin regeneration and regeneration processes. Ferulic acid neutralizes the changes caused by the violation of pigmentation, brightens pigmented spots. Idebenone has an anti-inflammatory effect.

The most effective antioxidants

• Vitamin E - most strongly acts in the form of alpha-tocopherol

• Carotenoids

• Vitamin C - ascorbic acid

• Coenzyme Q (ubiquinone)

• Flavonoids - are contained in plant extracts

• Plant-derived polyphenols

• Sulfur compounds

• Peptides

• Idebenone-synthetic form of coenzyme Qio

• Ferulic acid

• Lipoic acid