The breast hangs due to weight and because the skin loses its elasticity. To a worsening of the type of breast, loss or weight gain, as well as pregnancy, can result. Through the operation, the doctor removes excess skin and shifts the tissue of the dairy gland and the nipple-areolar complex upward.
Mastopexy advice to those women who have a small breast size. This is due to the fact that with a small breast weight such an operation is most effective, and if the breast is large, the effect of the operation will be short-term.
Such a method can be advised to women who no longer plan to have a baby, because after the birth the results of the operation will disappear.
Preparing for an operation
First, it is necessary to seek advice from a mammalogist or surgeon. Specialists should examine the mammary glands and make the necessary measurements. If there are any diseases of the breast, the doctor can prohibit the operation of mastopexy.
When the doctor gives a positive conclusion, the specialist who will conduct the operation should tell the client about all the points of this procedure. All of them must be discussed before the operation! The client will have to hand over all kinds of analyzes and get advice from an oncologist and anesthesiologist.
The operation is only permissible if the patient's health does not cause any anxiety. Mastopexy can not be done even in the case of a common cold.
For days before surgery, you need to give up cigarettes and complete acceptable medicines, which contain lecithin, vitamin E, or aspirin.
In the evening, you need to lie down in a relaxing bath and have supper with light products. You need to take with you to the clinic a soft bust of a nonmetallic base. Cosmetics can not be used, nails should not be covered with lacquer.
How is surgery performed?
Mastopexy is carried out under anesthesia. If a small incision is required, the doctor can conduct the operation under local anesthesia along with sedatives.
The operation takes about one and a half to three hours. The incisions may be of different magnitude. They designate a site from which excessive skin will be removed. They further define the new location of the nipple-areola complex. The seam goes around the areola and on the vertical line from the nipple to the lower crease. The results of the operation can be seen not immediately, but in two to three months.
The client should know that the scar remains on the spot of the seam, and the effect from such an operation is not the same. Over time, the breast will return to its previous state. It is impossible to achieve complete symmetry in the operation.
The client will be discharged after a few days, but then she can start working in a week. In the first postoperative thirty days it is impossible to raise heavy objects above the level of the breast. The operation can not provoke the oncological disease, but after a year it is recommended to visit the mammogram and do a mammogram.
Types of operation
Today there are several types of operations of mastopexy.
Full mastopexy, which is needed for women with a sizenized shape of the breast. In this operation, an incision is made in the form of an anchor. It is incised from the areola to the lower part of the mammary gland. After that, the doctor cuts out a small cutaneous area above the junction of the breast and the rib cartilage. This site is in the form of a crescent. The nipple is cut off and sewn higher. After such an operation, noticeable scars remain, which eventually decrease.
Pulling in the form of a sickle, the doctor cuts out a piece of skin over the areola, which has a crescent shape. The nipple does not cut off, but simply pulls higher. This kind of visualization is suitable for women with lowered breasts.
Lifting by Benelli
The doctor draws a patch of skin around the areola that resembles a donut. The tissue that has remained is sutured to the areola, and there is a scar around it. There are cases when the doctor cuts out the site more, which makes it possible to increase the efficiency of the operation.
Mastopexyapo Benelli is a technique for conducting a Benelli operation plus a straight incision. The cut is performed from under the areola and continues to the inframammary fold. Such an operation gives excellent results to those clients who do not benefit from Benelli's mastopexy, and complete mastopexy is not needed.
All-pheasant phenomena can be divided into temporary and permanent. Temporary- these are pain and discomfort in some movements, decreased sensitivity, swelling. Constants are scars, a decrease in the size of the areola and nipples, too high or vice versa, low sensitivity of the nipples.
Bleeding and infection are extremely rare. Scars are quite extensive and can remain reddish or rough for a long time. Over time, they acquire vivid white lines. They can easily be hidden with decollete clothes.
A special sterile film covers the seams. Some time the wounds will ache a bit, the agrud will have a swollen appearance. Over time, it will pass.
Within twenty-one days after the operation, together with the bandage the woman must carry a surgical bra. After this, the cutaneous sutures are removed, which remain.