Sexual sterilization is the general name of various manipulations aimed at excluding the ability of an animal to produce offspring. Sterilization of cats is carried out, both for medical reasons, and at the request of owners.
It is best to sterilize at the age of 8-10 months, but it is possible to perform the operation at an older age.
The sterilization operation should be carried out only in the veterinary clinic. Some owners prefer to call a veterinarian at home, but this is justified only if they can provide in their apartment full sterility, as in the operating room.
So, the correct actions of the host after performing the sterilization operation.
On the eve of the operation. Be sure to ask the doctor how to prepare the animal for the procedure and about the subsequent care. Do not be afraid to seem obtrusive and ask everything in detail. You need to find out:
- When and how much to give the cat water and food;
- What medications will be prescribed after the operation, schedule and dose of admission;
- Be sure to find out how you can contact the veterinarian if a complication occurs;
- Ask about permitted physical activities for the cat;
- Find out when the state of the cat should improve.
Transportation of the cat after the operation. You need to transport the cat in a special container. The car should be warm, but not stuffy. Just in case, take a blanket and a hot water bottle or bottles with hot water.
Care after surgery. Prepare the cat a comfortable place to relax, because after the operation, it is likely to be a long time to sleep. Put an oilcloth there, as the cat can have involuntary urination. Provided that the veterinarian has not appointed the opposite, every hour, give the cat a tablespoon of glucose solution.
Every four hours you need to give a small amount of light food, if there was no other recommendation from the veterinarian. The easiest way is to prepare semi-liquid food from the ready kittens and give them in small portions.
It is possible that on the first day of postoperative care, you will have to help the cat in the process of urination and defecation. If you can not, you need to contact the veterinarian.
Because of the general anesthesia and intubation in the cat, the first time can ache a throat, so that it can cough. For the same reason, the cat should be given a well-ground and semi-liquid food.
Symptoms that should prompt the host to immediately contact the veterinarian:
- Loss of consciousness;
- Pale integument of mucous lips and gums.
- At the end of two days after the operation, the cat can not fully recover and does not control the movements of the limbs;
- Frequent vomiting, when the stomach does not hold even small portions of water and food;
- The appearance of blood in the feces;
- Inflammation in place of the surgical suture, the appearance of an unpleasant odor;
- Appearance of seizures;
- The appearance of rashes, blisters and other manifestations of allergies;
Control of fluid intake. After the operation, the animal's organism, as a rule, is dehydrated. However, if the cat drinks uncontrolled, then a large intake of water can cause vomiting. Therefore, you need to remove from the premises all containers with water and water the cat a little every hour. If the animal is weakened, then water is given with a syringe, of course, without a needle. In a day, if there is no vomiting, you can give the cat the opportunity to drink as much as she wants.
Additional measures. If the cat is very concerned about the seams, and it wants to "remove" them on its own, you have to wear a protective collar in which it can not reach the "problem" place.