All animal owners, sooner or later, face problems associated with the need to give their pets a medication of one kind or another, for the purpose of treatment or prevention. Often this rather simple event causes big problems. However, if the owners have some skills, then they make this operation very easily, quickly and without giving the animal painful sensations.
At the beginning of our explanations it is necessary to notice that it is possible to give any of the medicines to the cat only after you have consulted with a specialist. Each drug has a lot of limitations, contraindications, undesirable actions. If you become self-medicated, you can easily damage the health of a cat and even inflict an irreparable threat to the life of a pet. In addition, if your cat becomes ill, first call or visit a veterinarian, wait until he does a clinical examination of the animal and does not conduct all the necessary research methods and only after that can enter the cat medications.
The veterinarian can prescribe medicines in various forms: tablets, liquids, dragees and capsules, powders, ointments, cream, injections.
Most likely, your cat will react negatively to your attempts to cure it in any way. Be persistent and patient, dealing with the treatment of your beloved animal.
How to give the cat medicine in the form of dragees, capsules or powders?
In the event that your animal is calm enough, and the doctor recommended mixing the medicine with food, then there will hardly be any difficulties. In this case, it is enough to mix a little food with the medicine and offer this mixture to your pet. Some medications with food do not combine, some preparations, even unpleasant and with a bitter taste, will have to be given without any additives.
A quiet and affectionate animal can help to open the mouth, sticking his thumb and index finger over his fangs, and with his hand clasping his face in the upper part. Catching the head of the cat up, you can quickly put the drug on the spine of the tongue. Closing the jaws, stroke the cat on the neck, directing the movements of the hand to the esophagus. These movements will help accelerate the process of ingestion of the drug. Wait until the animal swallows, and then immediately release it. Tablets are pre-recommended to dip into a saucer with vaseline oil, to facilitate swallowing. After you have injected a pill to the cat, pour to it clean drinking water and enter it with a syringe without a needle or using a syringe.
Some animals have a harsh temper. Then you should do this: wrap the cat in some matter, for example, in a towel, so that only his face protrudes out. So you will avoid scratching and biting your pet.
We give medicine to a cat in the form of a liquid
Drugs in the form of a liquid are given to cats by means of a syringe with the needle removed. Keep your pet in the same way as described in the previous section. Only with one difference. Keep the head of the animal horizontally so that the medicine does not pour into the respiratory tract. It is necessary to carefully insert the end of the syringe into the corner of the animal's mouth, trying to get between the root teeth, slightly pressing the plunger of the syringe. After taking out the syringe, wait until the cat closes the mouth, then turn its nose up and stroke over the neck. Infuse the medicine in small portions to avoid getting a large volume of medication into the respiratory tract, which can provoke a serious lung disease. If a cat suddenly starts coughing or is very frightened, interrupt the medication, wait until the animal calms down and only then continue the procedure.
Give the cat a medicine in the form of a powder
Preparations in the form of powder should be administered to the animal in the same way as preparations in the form of tablets, pouring them onto the spine of the tongue or as liquid medications, dropping them first into boiled water and mixing with it.
Doing cats injections or injections
Veterinarians prescribe injections to cats that are administered subcutaneously, intramuscularly or intravenously. The first two species can be performed by any owner of the animal, and intravenous administration requires the skills and knowledge of a professional. When carrying out these procedures, you will need the help of someone close to you. Severe soreness is not threatened by the cat, because it has a much higher threshold of pain than a person. But, nevertheless, the stress of the animal is not ruled out, so it is necessary that during the procedure, someone safely restrain it.
It is easier to hold the cat on any horizontal device, for example, on a table. Press her to the table, grabbing her hands by the scruff and waist. Lock the animal gently, but reliably, not giving it the opportunity for the slightest movement. To disinfect places of injections it is not necessary, as the cat's skin in itself bactericidal. The syringe and the needle must be sterile. Draw a medicine into the syringe, releasing the air bubbles, lifting the syringe up, squeeze out a little medicine. Give injections sharply, but the drug should be injected slowly.
Subcutaneous injection is introduced into the withers or scruff. You should grab the skin fold and insert the needle at an angle of forty-five degrees by three centimeters, squeezing the medicine out of the syringe.
Intramuscular injection is performed in the muscle of the posterior thigh, in the middle between the joints of the knee or pelvis, also about three centimeters ..
Apply to the cat creams and ointments
The surface of the skin, which requires spreading, is first cut and washed, or with the help of physiological solution, or a special preparation. If the ointment is dangerous, get inside, apply a bandage, if not, just wait until it dries.
Introduce candles and put enemas to the cat
Put the cat on your knees or put it on the table. When you insert a candle, lift her tail with one hand, the other enter the candle, pushing a half centimeter inside. After the procedure, do not release the cat for about five minutes.
Enemas do either warm or cold liquid. This must be checked with the doctor. Use children's syringes or syringes with a catheter instead of a needle. Lubricate the tip with cream or petroleum jelly.
Health to your pets.