The breed of Clumber Spaniels was bred in England in the late 18th century. Some English cynologists claim that these spaniels are of French origin. French cynologists, on the other hand, attribute the breeding of the breed to the English.
It is precisely established that the fashion for the Clumber Spaniels was introduced by the Duke de Noeille in France. After the start of the Great French Revolution, the Duke sent his dogs to English Nottinghamshire, to the estate of his friend the Duke of Newcastle Clumber Park. Hence the name of these dogs appeared - the clumber of spaniels. Soon the duke died, and his dogs were left in the UK, where the breed standard was adopted in the 19th century. It is believed that the Basset Hound and the Alpine Spaniel were involved in the formation of the breed. Also there is an opinion about the involvement in the breed of St. Bernards.
The English aristocracy zealously guarded the breed of these dogs from wide distribution, and, in the main, started it at noble houses.
Currently, the Clumber Spaniel is widely distributed in Sweden and the US, in European countries is less common.
Description of breed clumber spaniel
The appearance of the clumber spaniel differs significantly from other types of spaniels, but nevertheless, by origin, it is just a spaniel.
Dogs of the Clumber Spaniel breed are considered to be the heaviest, but not the largest among all spaniels. Their weight is usually from 29.5 to 36.5 kilograms.
Growth in males - from 48 to 51 centimeters, in bitches - from 43 to 48 centimeters.
A typical Clumber Spaniel is a low, long, heavy dog. A massive body and strong constitution is designed to give the dog strength and endurance in game production in dense forest thickets, and white color - in order to make the dog more noticeable during the hunt.
The posture at the clumber is proud, the expression of the eyes is usually thoughtful, sleepy-soft, considerably reviving in anticipation of the game.
The head of this dog has a large, massive. Eyes - large, deeply set, having a good expression and a diamond-shaped or rounded incision, a thick dark amber color. The third eyelid is often seen.
Skull is flat, with pronounced occipital tubercle. In the center of the skull between the eyes is a hollow. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle - a sharp, superciliary arches - pronounced, heavy. The muzzle is wide and deep, which is intended for the importation of game. The nose of the nose is square, large, colored in various tones of brown (including pink, cherry and beige). The large upper lip, covering the lower jaw, gives the entire muzzle a square shape.
Ears are triangular, with rounded ends, low set, thick and broad at the base.
A Clumber Spaniel usually has a long, muscular neck. It is allowed the presence of a sagging skin on the throat or a dewlap. The body is elongated, the back is straight and long, the chest is deep and wide. The ribs should be convex, and the groin slightly tightened.
The tail has a landing slightly below the back, is stopped in accordance with the requirements and proportions of an adult dog. In a calm state should have a horizontal position.
The limbs are powerful, with strong bones and strong muscles. The paws on the forelimbs differ in their large size and roundness, in the hind legs - smaller and rounded.
The coat of dogs of the Clumber Spaniel breed must be straight, thick and close fitting. To the touch, wool is soft, not hard, it protects the animal well from adverse weather conditions. On the ears, the hair is more straight and thick. Small abrasions are allowed on the abdomen and extremities. On the neck, a longer coat can form a "jabot". The paws and paws can be trimmed to emphasize their natural lines. Haircut at the throat is not allowed. It is allowed to shorten the mustache a little and comb the tail on the tail.
Hair cutting on other parts of the dog's body is not allowed.
The color of dogs of this breed is mostly white with spots and craps of lemon or orange color. Pure white color on the muzzle and spots around one or two eyes are valued equally. A higher value is represented by dogs of pure white color, which are extremely rare. The fewer spots on the body of a dog, the better.
Usually pure white in this breed are born puppies. Clumber spaniel acquires spots at the age of up to 1 month.
Moving dogs of the Spaniel - Clumber breed should be free and easy, with a good amplitude of the swing of the forelimbs and a strong push of the rear, which should not cross between themselves. Because of the wide body and short limbs, the gait of the thoroughbred clumber-spaniel resembles a bearish, slightly waddling. With such a trot he can move without fatigue all day.
The nature of the dogs breeds Clumber Spaniel
A dog of this kind of spaniels is a great friend for the owner, who has no experience with dogs. In addition, the Clumber Spaniel puppies and adult dogs are very reserved and lovingly show themselves when dealing with children. It is believed that dogs of this breed can not be angered.
The character of a typical Clumber Spaniel should be imperturbable and reliable, faithful and affectionate. This is one of the quietest and most sociable companions of the canine world.
Of course, the Clumber Spaniels do not differ in the speed of other types of spaniels and are rather sluggish, but they are distinguished by an excellent sense of smell and good endurance. Also it can be taught to be imported, that is, to bring prey.
Usually the clumber spaniels are reserved about strangers, but they never show malice or aggression. They easily obey the commands, carry out all orders with pleasure, are very calm and do not require a leash. Communication with dogs of this breed will bring pleasure to both young children and elderly people.