Features of the cardiovascular system infants

Surely, every person who sees a small baby thinks that the baby is just a few times reduced copy of an adult. Of course, in fact it is, but not quite. Whatever one may say, children, and especially infants, have a number of differences from the adult human body. For example, we can say that their bodies do not work as for adults and for a regime that is completely different from ours.

Naturally, the most important organ of both adults and babies is the heart, or more precisely, the cardiovascular system. Thanks to her, our body receives blood in the proper quantity, moreover, it is responsible for the heartbeat and gives us life.

What is the heart?

The heart is a very complex organ, which has the same complex structure. In the heart there are four separate compartments: the two-ventricle and two atria. All departments of the heart are not just invented for observing symmetry. Each department performs its work, and if you say more precisely, they are responsible for the blood flow through the small and large circles of the circulation of the blood.

What makes a large circle of blood circulation?

If we do not go into details, we can say that a large circle of blood circulation gives us an opportunity to live, because it is he who sends blood, saturated with oxygen, into all our tissues, from the tissues of the toes and ending with the brain tissue. This circle is considered the most important. But if we have already talked about the importance, then it is necessary to mention a small circle of blood circulation. It is with his help that blood, saturated with oxygen, can enter the lungs, so that we can breathe.

Features of a child's heart

Few people know what changes occur in the child's orgasm, which was just born, but in fact they are very colossal! Only with the first inspiration after childbirth, the cardiovascular system of crumbs begins to function fully. After all, when the baby lives with a mother's turbidum, the small circle of his blood circulation does not work, there is no sense in it. There are no need for light crumbs, but for the rest there is a large circle that interacts most directly with the mother placenta.

Moreover, you probably thought many times about why newborn babies have such a disproportionately large head and a small body compared to the head. This is due to the large circle of blood circulation, which in the course of pregnancy the baby's brain and the upper part of the trunk are excellent for supplying the child, but the lower part was provided to them worse, that's because of this the lower part of the trunk lagged behind in development. However, this is not a reason for panic and anxiety, because we are all normal adults and we go with normal proportions. All parts of the body will quickly catch up with each other and become absolutely proportional.

Also, initially, at the first auditions, the heart surgeon can hear some noise in the heart of the child, but it's also not worth worrying about because of this.

Noisy heart of a baby

Almost all parents raise panic and begin to experience the health of their baby when a pediatrician discovers noises in the heart of a baby. Of course, this has nothing to do with the norm, but meets this with kids very often, about 20% of babies suffer this. It happens that the heart does not have time to adapt with a fairly rapid growth of the body, as a result of which the thymus and lymph nodes exert pressure on the cardiac vessels and noise is produced, and no changes in blood circulation occur. Often, the noise is due to the chords of the left ventricle, which are incorrectly located, they are called false-chords. By the way the baby grows, it goes by itself. There may be a reason for the prolapse (deflection) of the mitral valve.

In any case, the specialist will indicate in the card that he has detected noises and will write you a referral to the cardiologist. In no event can the recommendations of the pediatrician be ignored. Be sent to the cardiologist without fail and pass all the examinations. It can prescribe to you an ultrasound of the heart, an electrocardiogram or something else. Basically, the noise in the heart of the breast is not the cause of some deviations, but there are situations when some pathologies are found.

Naturally, serious diseases, for example, such as heart disease, doctors reveal even in the hospital, but it happens that the work of the heart is broken a little later, and maybe they appear after any diseases.

Noises in the heart can be caused by rickets, anemia, severe infectious diseases, and possibly their consequences. Often, therapists begin treatment only when the baby reaches one-year-olds. If your child lags development, grows or has a bluish skin, then do not wait for a scheduled examination, immediately contact a pediatric rheumatologist.

Age features

If you look at the heart of a baby in a relationship with a stelo, you can see that it weighs much more than any adult, and is almost one percent of the total body weight of the newborn. It should be said that at first the walls of the baby's ventricle are as thick as the ceiling, but eventually the ventricle, from which a large circle of blood begins to move, acquires thicker walls than the one that works with a small circle.

If you suddenly suspected that your child often beats heart or pulse is not normal, as if he just jumped and ran, do not panic. For crumbs it is considered normal when his pulse makes more than a hundred beats in one minute. Note that in an adult it is normal rule when the pulse is not higher than sixty beats in the same time. Know that the baby, who was just born, needs oxygen much more, because all of his cloths are constantly demanding it. Because of this, the heart with all the strength is distilled by a crypt, which is saturated with oxygen throughout all the capillaries, tissues and veins of the newborn.

In the baby, the process of blood circulation is much easier than in an adult, because all capillaries and vessels have a huge clearance. Thanks to this, the blood moves better and gives oxygen to the tissues, moreover, the process of gas exchange between the tiny tissues of the baby is simplified.

Prophylaxis of vascular and thoracic heart failure

It is clear that to do prophylaxis cardiovascular disease from the very first months of the baby. Already with a month's age you can make the necessary procedures.

Always remember how your baby developed, being in the womb, because it affects the overall health of the baby and all problems with health. It is because of this, even at the beginning of pregnancy in the first trimester, you must especially caress the baby, because it is this period that affects his health. Often mothers at this time behave in an inappropriate manner, perhaps because not all women immediately realize that they are pregnant. If you notice the first signs of pregnancy, then you need to immediately find out if it does not go on, so that later there would be no complications.

Naturally, the birth itself can affect the cardiovascular system of the baby, both positively and negatively. In some situations, it will be much better if you make a cesarean section, while retaining the viability of all the systems of the child's body, than in any case try to give birth to a natural way.

In addition, you need to give babies minerals and vitamins, which you will get in pharmacies in the form of vitamin complexes. If you regularly give crumbs to these vitamins, then this will be the ideal prevention of diseases of the vascular tissues and the heart.