Test of feelings
Strong emotions excite the centers of hunger in the hypothalamus: they are born in the depth of the brain, in particular in the limbic system that controls our behavior - and food too! What exactly happened to you is not so important: psychologists at the University of Illinois (USA) came to the conclusion that we experience seizures of paradoxical appetite, not only when something is upset, but also in high spirits. It is not without reason that all nations celebrate happy events at the table, not denying themselves anything. And in ordinary life, most of those who have been fortunate - whether it is career advancement or a proposal of the hand and heart - on this happy wave give preference to high-calorie food - steak, omelette, pizza. What exactly will pull you into happy moments depends on the age: the young ladies of 18-34 usually jam euphoria with ice cream and biscuits, ladies from 35 to 54 because of some inexplicable metabolic shifts they choose soup and pasta, and after 55 years they reach for mashed potatoes. Keep a food diary by dividing the pages into appropriate graphs and noting daily the events of your life, the time of appearance and the strength of appetite (on a five-point scale), the hours of food intake, its quantity, and weight in the morning and in the evening. On the basis of these data, it is possible to draw curves reflecting fluctuations in weight and changes in the feeling of hunger during the day, week, month ... Analyzing these moments, say, in the first two weeks, you will discover a lot of amazing and more consciously conscious con-
Two for their behavior
There is a special science of eating behavior under the influence of a paradoxical increase in appetite. The data collected by her say that on a happy note, the appetite increases in the vast majority of people, and under the influence of stress disappears. Emotional eaters absorb food not because they are hungry, but because they are restless, anxious, offended, excited, exhausted, suffer from a headache, feel lonely and abandoned, moping, yearning, bored, do not know what themselves are take ... Food in such cases soothes, distracts from unpleasant thoughts, raises mood, relieving of emotional discomfort, but after acute or prolonged stress you abruptly gain weight. This is something like food drunkenness: according to experts, many fat people "seize" their troubles in the same way that alcoholics "drink" them. For such a reaction to form, it is necessary to have a wonderful appetite from birth and grow up in a family where children are encouraged by something delicious and punished for misconduct, leaving without a sweet or no dinner. If mom and dad used food as a regulator of your behavior, the cause of the paradoxical appetite is clear. You have formed a conditioned reflex: the body requires that you each time reward yourself with food for success and consoled by it in difficult moments of life. Than you are more vulnerable and more impressionable, the more you are used to keep your emotions to yourself, the more often and more abundantly you will "jam" your problems! The connection of experiences with food intake, laid down in childhood, remains with a person for life, because emotional food stimulates the production of serotonin, one of the neurotransmitters of the brain responsible for a sense of satiety and inner comfort.
Knead between the thumb and forefinger of the earlobes on both sides at once - this method stimulates the production of tranquillizers in the brain and dulls the hunger. Take a warm bath, knit, go to the gym, when you pull to chew something on the nerves: all these methods help to raise the level of serotonin. That's why in full people physical activity does not increase, but dulls the feeling of hunger. After all, the higher the weight, the harder it is to train: to make it easier, the nervous system includes a serotonin mechanism of appetite suppression. And with a sedentary lifestyle, this restrictive system does not work, so the more you eat, the more the stomach stretches and the appetite increases. To tame the appetite, eat two or three squares of chocolate (preferably bitter) or banana: these foods quickly raise the level of serotonin in the blood.
Wise from overeating
Another way to stop wanting is to work on special points on the fingers: this massage causes the body to produce additional servings of serotonin. To do this, it is sufficient to master the elementary techniques of yoga for the hands - to learn how to add mudras. "Wisdom of knowledge" relieves stress, anxiety and appetite caused by them. Connect the pads of the thumb and index finger on both hands simultaneously, the other fingers straighten. Repeat several times until it becomes calmer on the heart and does not want to eat.
- "Wise earth". Connect the pads of the thumb and ring finger on both hands, the other pull and spread out. Do this exercise until you feel the heat in your fingers and pacify.
- "Shakya-muni's cap" relieves headache and fatigue. Connect the straight middle and half-bent other fingers (except the large) of one hand to the similar fingers of the other, large close together the lateral surfaces.
- "Sink" will help to dissociate itself from worries and anxieties. With the four fingers of the right hand, grab the thumb of the left, with the pads of the right large and left middle fingers in contact.
- "Wise woman's slenderness" allows you to control the appetite at the end of the cycle. With the thumb of the right hand, rest against the base of the nail of the ring finger. The tips of the thumb and little finger of the left hand connect. The remaining fingers of both hands straighten and relax.
Emotional eating, which increases the level of serotonin in the blood, in fact, acts as a natural tranquilizer, which is addictive. If you ban it, putting a person on a low-carb diet, there is a classic withdrawal syndrome - there is irritability, anxiety increases, mood decreases. It is because of these sensations that diets do not work: many young ladies abandon them to restore spiritual comfort, rightly believing that it is better to be fat, but happy than skinny, but lost the ability to enjoy life. Food for you - a cure for stress, anxiety, bad mood? Ask a psychologist to understand the internal problems and learn how to get rid of them without compromising the waistline. If food is the main and only pleasure of your life, expand the range of your interests, find a hobby. In life there are other joys - do not deprive yourself of them, becoming slaves to the stomach! Can not immediately remember how to properly add mudras? Carry Chinese balls for meditation: you want to throw in the sweet mouth - roll them in the palm of your hand. They will massage the points that pacify the appetite, and the melodic ringing will soothe the soul.
Sweets for the first time
Normally, the feeling of hunger should arise under the influence of internal - biochemical - reasons when blood sugar levels fall down or free fatty acids and the appetite center that keeps track of these data starts to remind you of the need to refresh yourself. If you ignore the signal, there is for some time ryochetsya, but then you will cover an attack of paradoxical appetite. It will not pass, even if you eat the prescribed portion, and will encourage you to eat for future use. Such a mechanism was provided by nature to prevent a person from dying from exhaustion in primitive times, when he was more hungry than fed. Now her cunning is working against us, forcing us to break off during the diet and to eat up for the night after a busy day, during which there was no time to have dinner. Start the dinner with sweet (candy, a piece of chocolate or cake, a glass of juice), if you failed to eat on time. This will quickly raise blood sugar - a measure that will help calm the raging appetite. Do not try to drown out his sweets, replacing a full meal with a chocolate bar or ice cream: the body will begin to intensively produce a glucose-lowering hormone insulin to assimilate the glucose that has entered the bloodstream. Glucose refers to the "fast" carbohydrates, that is, instantly passes into the tissues under the action of insulin, so the rise in its level should be even greater decline, provoking an attack of paradoxical appetite about 30-40 minutes after a sweet snack. To ensure that the hunger does not bother you, provide the body with "slow" carbohydrates, which are contained in porridges, potatoes, other vegetables and fruits. Attach a sheet of paper to the fridge with the statement of the French humanist Pierre Bust and read it every time hunger calls for food insanities: "For the health of the soul and body, lust and appetite should never be fully satisfied." Try to respond to the first feeling of hunger - then you can limit yourself to a small amount of food.
The night Watch
We fill the stomach at night, firstly, because we do not have time to eat normally during the day, and secondly, because our life is full of stress. Mobilize the body to fight them help hormones of the adrenal glands - cortisol, adrenaline and norepinephrine. However, this trio inhibits the production of serotonin, which calms the appetite and acts as a sleeping pill. If you suffer from insomnia, but eat at night as if there was not a crumb in your mouth for a month, you just have to empty the refrigerator. Try to take precautionary measures against unpleasant outbursts of paradoxical appetite! Are the thoughts revolving around the contents of the refrigerator? Go to him to perform a 10-second stretch. Raise your hands upwards on inhalation and slowly lower them so that they rest on the refrigerator. Do not tear them off, step back as far as you can, and slightly bend your knees. Exhale, dilute your fingers, lift the pelvis and arch your back. Keep this position for 10 seconds, straining the muscles and increasing the amplitude of the stretch. Do not hold your breath! Approach the fridge, put your hands down, relax. Repeat the exercise several times, and the feeling of hunger will recede. Do not let the appetite wake up again - before you go to bed! Drink for the night an appetizing tea with melissa or mint, St. John's wort, a teaspoon of honey and juice of half a lemon (this drink not only relieves stress, but also does not allow fat to be stored in reserve) or eat two tablespoons of bran in the water (you can add a little honey to taste). Avoid the so-called restrictive food - this is a direct way to exacerbate hunger at night. Remember how many times you started to lose weight - did not eat breakfast and did not eat lunch or ate very little and were proud of it. But with the onset of the evening, all your efforts went wrong: you were full, consoling yourself with the fact that tomorrow you will start again. Food restrictions only bring harm! If you had a full meal in the morning, you would never have eaten so much at night. Use simple recipes for low-calorie snack if you are intolerant to eat.
Light curd cream
Take a bunch of parsley and dill, a small onion, a clove of garlic, 250 g of low-fat cottage cheese and a thin slice of coarse bread. Wash the greens and finely chop. Chop onion and garlic, mix (can be in a blender) with greens and cottage cheese until a homogeneous mass is obtained. Spread a thin layer of cream on the bread - and enjoy!
You will need a glass of milk, 2 tbsp. l. rum and a little honey to taste. Mix rum and honey in a small saucepan, add milk and heat. Then whisk the mix thoroughly with a mixer. Keep in mind, the most dangerous - the first 15 minutes after coming home. Hastily eaten sandwich, cookies, nuts or chips can, of course, drown out the tormented hunger, but closer to the night the appetite will return again. So in advance, come up with an easy, but at the same time, a full dinner. Although there is after 18-19 hours is not recommended, this rule can be neglected to avoid an even more serious violation of the food regime - night food.
Paradoxical appetite flares up under the influence of external causes, rather than internal exchange-endocrine stimuli, as it is supposed to. A typical situation: just looked at the served table - and immediately wanted to send to the mouth all that is on it; looked at the advertisement of something delicious - and ran into the kitchen; they saw that someone from their relatives was putting on an additive, and they did the same, although they ate enough. Or, just having dinner, sat down again to eat "for the company." This kind of food, scientists call external (from Latin externus -chuzhoy). A person does not realize what he is doing: overeating occurs unnoticeably and unconsciously, and you are convinced that pecking as a bird, and wonder: where do the extra pounds come from? If you want to sit at a table in a good company, put light dishes on a plate, for example salads from vegetables, drink empty tea. Hands themselves reaching out to the dishes? Put a small plate in front of you and put the appliances. From any meal, be it tomato or marshmallow, first cut off a small piece and only, then send it into your mouth. And better learn to use chopsticks: with their help you will not be able to eat as much as using a fork.