Forms and methods of education in the family

In the modern world, parents themselves decide how to raise their child. In general, how many families - so many opinions about the best method of education. However, there are general forms and methods of education in the family.

Forms of education

Education with a "carrot and stick". Parents should remember that raising a baby, you should not use a belt, scream or use assault. A child who is five years old does not understand the reasons for screaming, he does not realize that this is punishment. In such moments it is better to use the angle. If parents start resorting to physical violence, it means that they simply can not prove the truth to the child in another way, they do not have arguments for this. If you constantly punish your child with a belt or shout at him, then it will not lead to good - the child will simply begin to hate his parents quietly, but he will not feel guilty about it. In education, it is necessary to be patient, try to find arguments to prove that in some way the child is not right. Screaming, according to experts, is only in case of danger, then the child will develop an instinct of self-preservation.

Education "on an equal footing". It is necessary to clearly understand that when talking with a child you should not allow lisps and other distortion of words. If you do not speak to him in the usual language, it will lead to speech slowing or mispronunciation. From the very first months the child needs to hear the right speech and then he will learn to speak normally. Undoubtedly, parents need to help the child morally, but at the same time it is necessary to avoid total control. All this applies to the observation of the child - it is not necessary to rush to the baby with lightning speed, if he suddenly falls in the crib; It is not worthwhile to collect scattered toys for him, because he must do it himself - this is his work.

Education of a teenager. The main thing that should be remembered is that teenagers constantly try to avoid excessive guardianship by their parents. But it's worth sharing guardianship and attention, because in attention the child just needs the most. The mother needs to find the right approach to her child, in order to explain to him what things can and should not be done. Well, if the parents become friends for the child during this period, then he will tell everything that happens in his life; You can not lose the child's confidence, otherwise he will be uncommunicative and, perhaps, even closed.

Methods of education

Methods of raising a child in the family - this is the way that allows a purposeful influence on his mind and behavior on the part of parents.


This is a rather complicated method. Use it carefully and carefully: any word, even accidental, can in some way convince the child. The greatest effect in this method is the example shown. Children like to imitate adults, especially parents. However, it is worth remembering that children imitate not only good habits, but also bad habits.


Without this method, there is no upbringing. Parents make certain demands for a small child. The main form of such requirements is an order. The order should be pronounced in a calm, balanced voice, but do so in such a way that the child does not even have the idea that the requirement can not be made. You can not shout, get angry and nervous.


To encouragement can be attributed different forms of interaction, including joint walks and games, approval, trust, praise and even financial incentives. Most often, families use approval. Although approval is not quite praise, it is an affirmation that the child is doing everything right. The child's correct behavior is only formed, so he needs to hear confirmation of the correctness of his actions.


Praise the educator expresses satisfaction with the actions and actions of the pupil. However, it is worthwhile to be careful that the words of praise do not play a negative role. This happens when the child is overly praised.


Efficiency from them happens only when they are rarely used. Before you punish, you should explain the reasons for this action.