Everyone wants his children to be the most intelligent and the most developed. Mom and Dad, who already in three years could count to almost a hundred and showed a great desire to read independently, can not at all resign themselves to the fact that their baby plays with toys and shows no interest in letters and numbers. How can you teach a child to read and count?
First of all, you must stir up interest in the baby. Remember that children can never be taught "from under the stick." If in school this is somehow acceptable, then at preschool age, such methods simply instill a hatred for learning in general. Therefore, you must find an approach to your child and help him understand that the world of numbers and letters is very interesting. Remember that every kid is an individuality. Therefore, those methods that your friends and relatives use are not always right for you. But still we will try to help you and tell you about some methods that can positively affect the baby.
Learn to read
So, we'll start with reading. At the age of three to five, they love different rhymes and small stories. Not all babies perceive a great tales. They like the process of reading more than what parents count. Therefore, when teaching a child, it should be interested in non-text, but rather a form of presentation. At this age, children have favorite colors. This can be used. For example, if the kid loves red color, then do not be too lazy and paint for him all the letters "A" with this color. Then suggest the baby to find the letters in red. Every time he finds them, tell the child that this letter is called "A". Next time, do the same with the letter "B" and so on.
At a conscious age, children already want to know how to spell their name. This can also be played. Write the kid his abbreviated name, and then complete. Speak with him all the letters that make up the names. Especially good if the name is long and the letters are repeated in it, for example, such as Alexander. In this case, you can offer the child to find all the similar letters. Then play with it in the game: suggest to compose from the letters of his name a different word. This idea should seem very exciting to the kid. Of course, for him it will not be easy, but you must help him. By the way, when parents help children, they make one big mistake: they start hurrying. So remember always that the baby needs more time to think than you. Let him concentrate and do not rush to answer. Otherwise, he will simply become accustomed to the fact that if you wait a couple of seconds, then Mom or Dad will answer the question themselves, and he will not have to strain. If the baby starts to give wrong answers, instead of correcting it, better say: "You're wrong, get ready and think about it again." Every time the child gives the correct answers, do not forget to praise him.
To study the alphabet, you can also use your favorite teddy bears. Invite the child to name each toy, and then find the letters, which begin the names. To do this, you will need cards with an alphabet. Let the kid put all his little animals in letters. Thus, learning it will be associated with the game, and the letters are better remembered, because they are related by the names that he already knows perfectly. After the alphabet has been studied, you can move on to the words. In this case, it's best to start quick words, in which the least number of letters. Be prepared for the fact that the little guy will pronounce each letter separately and not always be able to add them to the word. In any case, do not push the child and never forget to praise him for any, even a small victory.
Learn to count
Account - this is another lesson that can be interested in not every child. But again, if you approach the situation correctly, your child will soon become a real mathematician. In order for the child to count, it is necessary to remind him of the numbers at every opportunity. For example, when a child collects toys, say to him: "One, two, three, four ..." and so on. True, it is best to count to ten before the baby remembers the figures, and then you can go to the rest of the numbers. Another way to remember the numbers is to turn everything into a game. You can draw or buy a big crochet with numbers, according to which the baby can jump. You will call him a number, and he will have to jump over him. At the age of four or five, the children are very fond of constantly moving. Therefore, such a game will interest them.
When your son or daughter remembers the name of all the figures and smozhetotlichat them by sight, you can go to the account. In this case, you will very much help the spilling games. One of them is a game in which cards are used. Two sets of cards are used. One of the cards shows different objects in a certain amount: three coils of needles, five balls, eight fingers, and so on. The child needs to find the appropriate cards, count the number of items and arrange them correctly. As a rule, in such sets there are six or seven game cards, for which you need to arrange cards and corresponding sets to them. To begin with, you can have one game card and a set of cards and invite the child to name and count the items on each coil, and then correctly decompose them. Repeat this way with all the cards that you have. In this way, the little ones learn to count things well. After that, you can complicate the task. For example, lay out all the cards with the fish, all the cards with the balls and so on. Put the cards in front of the child and suggest for each card to add the desired cards. That is, if in the first case the kid could search visually, then in the subsequent it will have to be considered, since it is not always possible to distinguish "six eyeballs" from five. In the end, you can play this game with your child's friends. You will need to give out all the cards to the children, and then show the cards. Kids learn to quickly calculate and determine who exactly fits the card.
In order for children to be able to perform elementary operations of addition and subtraction, the whole process must also be visualized. Take some identical objects (for example, cubes) and suggest that the baby count. Then put a few dices on the table. Recalculate the ones that were left in the box. Explain to the child that the operation, during which the cubes became smaller, is called subtraction and when subtracting, the total sum is reduced by the amount that you took away (that is, got out of the boxes). In the same way you can teach the music and addition. Of course, not all children remember what their parents said the first time. However, if they are systematically engaged in, then soon your child will be read and read, and even with a great desire to begin asking parents to teach him something else.