Here so some argue: "Eyes reddened and watery - probably it's from the computer"; "Barley, I will apply a warm compress / freshly brewed egg." (Barley) must be heated! " Often, independent conclusions about the causes of "malfunctions" with the eyes and the reception of "folk remedies" are only capable of doing harm. One and the same symptom can tell about different diseases and not the fact that the drops that the doctor once prescribed for you with conjunctivitis will help this time - conjunctivitis is different.
What are the most common eye diseases we often think - "will pass by itself"? Let's find out where the sickness comes from and why in most cases it's better not to engage in self-medication. Asthenopia or "computer syndrome"
After a long long hours you sit at the monitor, it seems to you that suddenly a foreign body, or, at worst, sand, was formed in the eyes. Other symptoms are redness, burning, stitching, lacrimation, fuzzy picture and sometimes double vision. And all of them, as a rule, amplify by the evening.
Play with you this joke is capable not only of a computer. For a very long time you watch TV, read or drive at night while driving - any lengthy visual work can cause unpleasant consequences.
If symptoms occur frequently, you need to go to the doctor. He will appoint moisturizing drops, will make a mode of work and rest and will tell about exercises for the eyes. The problem will not go away if a person does not order his way of life, for example, stopping to sit in front of the monitor from morning till night. And if the situation is launched, myopia may develop - even in 20-30 years and even without predisposition. In any case, always take breaks in the visual work - once per hour or every 40 minutes (like the changes between lessons). Do not be lazy to take a good stroll or perform a couple of simple physical exercises or exercises for the eyes.
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye - conjunctiva. Untreated conjunctivitis is capable of transitioning to a chronic form, in which the cornea can be involved in the process, which is dangerous to reduce vision until its complete loss. This insidious disease, as we have already mentioned, is of various types, and all of them are unpleasant.
In adults it is he who meets most often. It is caused by different viruses, so the symptoms may vary slightly. Among them - redness, photophobia, lacrimation, ovulation of the eyelids. As a rule, this kind of conjunctivitis is very contagious. Having begun on one eye, it is easy to be thrown on another.
And it is already provoked by bacteria. In addition to a burning sensation and irritation, with it may appear discharge, and eyelids stick together in the morning. Plus, the dryness of the eye and the skin around. Like the previous subspecies, it's easy to hit both eyes.
You deal with an infected citizen and do not follow the rules of hygiene. The contact path is more often infected with a bacterial type, air-dropping is a virus. You can catch both kinds after a cold or flu, when the person has already recovered, and the immunity has not yet recovered.
Without visiting a doctor, you can not do. He will prescribe a comprehensive treatment: he will write out immunomodulators and antiviral or antibacterial drugs. Most likely, especially in the case of a viral infection, you will have to take a sick leave, including not to infect others. Those who are "lucky" to live with the sick under one roof, prescribe preventive therapy. Naturally, the infected person should use a separate towel, pillow and other personal care items. Viral conjunctivitis is treated for a long time, full recovery occurs only in a period of three weeks to two months. The duration of the "infectious" period is 14 days.
Occurs as a result of a reaction to an allergen. And it is expressed, as it should, itching, swelling of the eyelids, tearing, plus - a runny nose and problems with breathing.
As an allergen, our body can perceive pollen, food, animal hair, dust, chemicals and an endless array of anything. Conjunctivitis may also appear as a result of using new, unusual or foreign cosmetics, for example, mascara or eye cream, after visiting a make-up artist or even trying on clothes in the store (reaction to the dye of the tissue is possible).
Treatment with antihistamines. Sometimes a doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory or moisturizing drops. And, of course, it is important to understand what caused the disease.
This is an acute purulent inflammation of the hair sac of the eyelash or the sebaceous gland near its bulb. A painful swelling appears on the edge of the eyelid, and later, in two to four days, the head with pus (which, by the way, is not strongly recommended for squeezing out the infection further and deeper - the consequences are horrible, up to meningitis). After a while, the "problem" will resolve or open itself. Sometimes after the retreating barley, chalazion can be knocked into the eye.
Barley causes a bacterial infection. In most cases, "enemies" get into the eye when we touch it with insufficient clean hands, in other words, with "dirt". They are "helped" by the weakened, for example after a cold or another transferred viral disease, immunity. If barley appears frequently, several times a year, it can be an indicator of endocrine disorders or problems of the gastrointestinal tract.
Favorite folk remedies - warming and moist compresses can give the opposite effect and lead to the spread of infection. One must, on the contrary, try not to wet the skin near the barley, and the effect of heat is simply contraindicated. The doctor will prescribe an alcohol preparation for lubricating the skin of the eyelid, plus drops and ointments, including antibacterial, possibly also fortifying agents, for example, vitamins. And, if necessary, he will direct you to other specialists.
Chronic inflammation as a result of blockage of the duct of the sebaceous gland of the century. First, the corresponding area turns red and slightly swollen, and later on this place a small rounded bundle is formed. Unlike barley, this ailment can develop for a long time, from two weeks, and as a rule does not cause painful sensations. In fact, halazion is not such a terrible thing. Another question is that he, like barley, can testify to the presence of problems in the body, the same gastrointestinal diseases or hormonal disorders.
Sebaceous glands secrete a fat secret - a substance for lubricating the cornea and moistening the eyelids. If the duct obstructs, it accumulates inside the gland, and it gradually turns into a rounded formation surrounded by a capsule. This can happen because of the swelling of the tissues around the duct (happens during the inflammation of the eyelid) or when the secret becomes too thick (for example, due to a violation of the hormonal balance). The impetus for the development of chalazion can become hypothermia, weakened immunity.
From trouble in a number of cases, you can get rid without medication: the doctor will tell you how to do self-massage of the century. If this does not help, a thickening is injected with a hormonal drug. When the injection did not work, the nodule is surgically removed. Self-pressure or scratching halazion can not be avoided in order to avoid complications. And to prevent his appearance, you must always cure eye diseases, take care of strengthening immunity and observe hygiene - use disposable handkerchiefs, only with your towel and then on the list. And remember that from diets and strong restrictions in food you can earn not only diseases of the digestive tract, but also an unpleasant thing - halazion.