Anesthesia at delivery: physiological, psychological, medicamentous

Every woman once becomes a mother. During pregnancy, the girl is looking forward to the birth of the baby. However, in addition to joyful expectation, almost everyone feels fear of childbirth. Some talk about it out loud, and some keep everything in themselves, but the fact remains.


Today thanks to modern medicine, you can pick up a number of ways to anesthetize during childbirth. But not all methods are the same for the same people. Therefore, on forums you can often meet with feedback that anesthesia did not work and the pain was still felt. Many women are frightened.

It is necessary to realize that the pain at birth is natural. And to be afraid of it is also normal. But the whole problem is that future mothers "back up" their fear from the outside - they read on the forums various reviews and terrible stories of dizzying agony during childbirth. Many doctors confirm that these stories are too exaggerated and the woman herself sets up pre-set feelings in advance. At the same time, it is closed psychologically and does not listen to councilors and midwives. As a result, not only the pain sensations increase, but also the process-borne natural birth is disrupted.

How to act in this situation? To begin with, you need to calm down and learn that modern medicine offers several options for anesthesia during childbirth. Also, it is necessary to understand what is the birth pain and from which it occurs. This will help to remove psychological stress, which is important.

Why there is pain in childbirth?

First of all, we will find out with you, what is the cause of the onset of abortion in childbirth. The main prerequisite for the appearance of strong pain during the period of contraction is contraction of the muscles. Due to this reduction, the cervix is ‚Äč‚Äčopened. Also pain sensations arise and because of the strain of ligaments that support the uterus. Similar sensory sensations are very strong and can deliver many unpleasant hours to the giving birth to a girl.

When the cervix opens and the baby begins to move along the birth canal, acute pain occurs due to the very strong pressure of the baby's head on the soft tissues of the pelvis, the perineum and the bone. By the way, if a woman's nervous system is trained, then pain becomes almost invisible at attempts, only a feeling of strong pressure remains. But it is unlikely that many women in the past were engaged in training their nervous system, so the pain in the long run can not be avoided.

Pharmacological means for analgesia of childbirth

If the pain is very severe and the woman is no longer able to do it, the doctor can prescribe pharmacological drugs for you.

Tranquilizers

Tranquilizers are aimed at calming the nervous system of a woman. They will help to eliminate the feeling of anxiety, panic and dull the acute perception of pain. Sometimes a woman, under the influence of such drugs, even gets a little sleep in the intervals between contractions.

Relaxants

Such drugs act differently. They cause a persistent and strong relaxation of all muscles. This allows more rapid and effective disclosure of the uterus.

Means for anesthesia

Such drugs have a complex effect on the body: they relax the muscles, depress the mind and suppress the sensitivity of the pain sensations. They are used in those cases when during childbirth something goes wrong.

Narcotic analgesics

They have a very strong effect on the body not only the mother, but also the future baby. Therefore, they are used very rarely and then, only in extreme cases.

Types of anesthesia nature

Local anesthesia

With this type of anesthesia, the anesthetic is injected into the soft tissue at the entrance to the vagina. Most often it is used as an anesthetic after childbirth (when applying seams) or before cutting the perineum. Contraindications to the use of almost no, except for individual intolerance of the drug.

Dorsal anesthesia

Epidural anesthesia is very common today. A special drug is injected into the parturient, which blocks the pudendal nerve. As a result, there comes a complete loss of sensitivity to the entire vagina, except for the external genitalia.

Anesthesia is divided into several subspecies, depending on the place of administration of the drug:

There are some contraindications to the use of a similar anesthetic:

General Anesthesia of Nature

With general anesthesia, the child completely disconnects consciousness. It is used for surgical interventions or in those cases where epidural anesthesia can not be performed.

When choosing anesthesia, doctors are guided by several factors: ensuring maximum safety for the child and childbirth, as well as the health of the future mother.

Childbirth in the water

Water facilitates the maternity process, so many girls choose this method of facilitating labor. An ordinary bath with warm water can completely replace painkillers. Before the start of each fight, it is necessary to squat in the water so that the stomach was completely covered. But in no case can you lie on your back - this will complicate the process of opening the cervix. It is necessary to take into account the fact that it is possible to give birth only to the presence of medical personnel who, if necessary, can immediately help.

It is equally important to monitor the temperature of the water, it should not exceed the temperature of your body. If there is no bath, then you can use an ordinary shower. Just turn it on and direct the water jet to your stomach. If the waters are already gone, then as a water anesthetic can only use the shower, but in any case not a bath.

Psychological relaxation at delivery

Impression and psychological stress during childbirth can lead to the development of very strong pain. To avoid this, you need to master before the birth of a special psychological relaxation technique: proper breathing, the correct position of the body, massage and so on.

You must set yourself up in advance. Nestoit dwell on pain, think about the fact that the baby will be born very soon, and you can save it, think about the pleasant moments. You can even in the process of giving birth to a baby.

When fighting, you can try to find a comfortable body for the location, which will reduce pain. Squat and spread your knees widely. If this is uncomfortable for you, then sit on your knees and spread them as wide as possible. This pose relieves the coccyx painfully. You can also hang on anything: on the neck of the husband, the back of the bed, the door jamb. This position will reduce pressure and pain will decrease.