What is hypothyroidism?

What is hypothyroidism? Everyone who faces this diagnosis once asks himself this question. Hypothyroidism is a pathology of the thyroid gland, which arises from the inadequate production of hormones. As a result of the disease there is a disruption in the metabolic processes, as the thyroid hormones are responsible for the normal energy metabolism. Most pathology is found in women, rather than in men.

Hypothyroidism happens:

It is worth noting that usually hypothyroidism is a concomitant disease caused by some abnormalities of the thyroid gland. However, sometimes hypothyroidism is diagnosed as a separate disease-idiopathic hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism: Causes

There are many disorders that are capable of provoking the development of hypothyroidism. Among them:

In addition, very often the cause of the development of hypothyroidism is the surgical removal of any part of the thyroid gland.

What is transient hypothyroidism in children?

Transient hypothyroidism is usually found in newborns born in regions with acute infectious diseases. Risk factors: premature infants; children born with insufficient weight; The presence of bacterial or viral inflammatory processes in the womb.

To protect the future child from the development of pathology, it is necessary to take medication with iodine during the gestation period. If a woman is diagnosed with subclinical hypothyroidism, then hormone levels should be normalized before pregnancy planning.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism

Symptomatic, characteristic of hypothyroidism is not immediately apparent. However, it is worth to be examined if such symptoms are found:

In women, hypothyroidism can cause sharp changes in mood, seizures of sudden sadness, protracted depression. In addition, the disease causes a decrease in intellectual abilities: memory deteriorates, there are disruptions in the work of cognitive activity, blurred understanding and reaction. Insomnia or increased drowsiness is also characteristic.

Treatment of hypothyroidism

You are interested in what is hypothyroidism, and is the disease treated? Modern medical achievements allow artificially synthesizing thyroid hormone. Thus, therapy consists in providing the body with a scarce substance. The replacement of thyroiditis is carried out with the help of its analogue - L-thyroxine. In addition, hormonal replacement therapy may be prescribed.